The Garuda Purana is one of the eighteen Mah?pur??as, a genre of ancient Indian literature that encompasses mythological, religious, and philosophical teachings. Believed to have been composed between the 8th and 10th centuries CE, the Garuda Purana is named after Garuda, the legendary eagle and mount of Lord Vishnu. This Purana primarily focuses on the dialogue between Lord Vishnu and Garuda, covering a wide range of topics, including cosmology, cosmogony, rituals, and the nature of the soul. The Garuda Purana is renowned for its detailed descriptions of the afterlife, encompassing the journey of the soul after death, the concept of reincarnation, and the various stages of existence in different realms. It provides a comprehensive guide to funeral rites, emphasizing the importance of Dharma (righteousness) and Karma (actions) in determining one’s fate in the afterworld. With its rich narrative and profound philosophical insights, the Garuda Purana stands as a significant scripture in Hinduism, contributing to the understanding of the cosmic order and the spiritual path leading to liberation (moksha).
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